Preventative Maintenance can be performed by a pilot on an airplane such as the Cessna 172 Skyhawk or 162 Skycatcher only if you are the owner of the airplane and you have a pilot certificate (Private Pilot certificate for Skyhawk & light sport or above for SLSA (Special Light Spork Aircraft) such as the Skycatcher
Preventative Maintenance is detailed in FAR Part 43 and includes:
Simple or minor preservation operations such as changing the engine oil, replenishing the hydraulic fluid, servicing landing gear bearings, changing a tire.
Replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations such as the landing lights or seat covers.
Those items listed in 14 CFR Part 43 Appendix A for Private Pilots or 14 CFR Part 65 for sport Pilots.
Preventative Maintenance does NOT include maintenance activities that must be performed by a maintenance technician such as
- alteration of main sear support brackets
- making engine adjustments that all the use of auto gas
- repairing landing gear struts
- repairing portions of the skin sheets by making additional seams
Records and Returning the Aircraft to Service
Pilots performing preventative maintenance must enter the aircraft’s maintenance records to include a description of the work, the date it was complete, the grade of pilot certificate (sport, Private pilot or higher) and the pilot’s certificate number along with signing the maintenance record.
Before and airplane is returned to flight after being services, it must be noted by the person making the entry in the airplane log book and that the airplane is acceptable to return to service.
Form 337 for Major Repairs and Alterations
Any repair or alteration to an aircraft that substantially affects the aircraft’s operation in flight requires that form 337, Major Repair and Alteration is completed. The aircraft must be test flown for an operational check of the maintenance or alteration performed by a private pilot or above without passengers and the entry must be added by the pilot to the aircraft’s maintenance records.